# BEH 3843 Appendix

**Figure A1.** Summaries of the data set for (A, B) the binomial and (C, D) the negative binomial regressions within the exploration model (Model 3). (A, B) The proportion of zero (white bars) and not-zero (black bars) distances for each time period on *Karaftohelix editha* (A; *N *= 192 in total) and *K. gainesi* (B; *N *= 182). (C, D) The approximate crawled distances in the wild (i.e., exploration) except for the zero data for each time period on *K. editha* (C; *N* = 100) and *K. gainesi* (D; *N* = 175). Night: 00:00–06:00, morning: 06:00–12:00, afternoon: 12:00–18:00, and evening period: 18:00–24:00.

**Table A1.** Information of snail individuals used in each experiment.

**Table A2.** The dataset of the laboratory experiments under ordinary conditions in this study.

**Table A3.** The dataset of the laboratory experiments under stimulated conditions in this study.

**Table A4.** The whole dataset of the field experiments in this study.

**Table A5.** Explanatory variables, Df, residual deviance, AIC scores of each model.