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Supplementary materials for "The dialect chain of the Timor-Alor-Pantar language family: A new analysis using systematic Bayesian phylogenetics" by Gereon A. Kaiping and Marian Klamer, published in LDC (2022)

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posted on 10.05.2022, 10:39 authored by Gereon KaipingGereon Kaiping, Marian Klamer

These are the supplementary materials for an article published in Language Dynamics and Change, entitled 'The dialect chain of the Timor-Alor-Pantar language family: A new analysis using systematic Bayesian phylogenetics', by Gereon A. Kaiping and Marian Klamer, with DOI: 10.1163/22105832-bja10019. This paper refines the subgroupings of the Timor-Alor-Pantar (TAP) family of Papuan languages, using a systematic Bayesian phylogenetics study. While recent work indicates that the TAP family comprises a Timor (T) branch and an Alor-Pantar (AP) branch (Holton et al., 2012; Schapper et al., 2017), the internal structure of the AP branch has proven to be a challenging issue, and earlier studies leave large gaps in our understanding. Our Bayesian inference study is based on an extensive set of TAP lexical data from the online LexiRumah database (Kaiping et al., 2019b; Kaiping and Klamer, 2018). Systematically comparing different analytical models and tying them back to the evidence in terms of historical linguistics, we arrive at a subgrouping structure of the TAP family that is based on features of the phylogenies shared across the different analyses. Our TAP tree differs from all earlier proposals by inferring the East Alor subgroup as an early split-off from all other AP languages, instead of the most deeply embedded subgroup inside that branch. The evidences suggests that dialect cluster effects played a major role in the formation of today’s Timor-Alor-Pantar languages. These datasets consist of the raw data used in this study.

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