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A common edible insect (Antheraea assamensis) protein hydrolysate regulates LPS-induced oxidative stress and inflammation by modulating the TLR4/NF-κβ Signaling Pathway

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-12-19, 07:41 authored by R.K. Sahu, S. Borthakur, M. Saikia, S. Sarkar, R.S. Ahmed, D. Dasgupta, R. Dhakal, S. Mech, P. Manna, P. Dutta, J. Kalita

Dietary intake of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory-rich foods is a growing approach for fighting inflammation and its associated disorders. Edible insects are gaining popularity as a food source; however, their therapeutic properties, anti-inflammatory activity and their mechanism of action remain largely unexplored. Herein, we evaluate the effectiveness of Antheraea assamensis pupae hydrolysates against oxidative stress and inflammation. The proteins isolated from the pupae were digested with pepsin, pancreatin, or pepsin + pancreatin and passed through a 30 kDa molecular cut-off membrane. The low molecular weight protein hydrolysates were characterised using RP-HPLC, HRMS, XRD, and FTIR-ATR. Hydrolysate from pepsin + pancreatin digestion showed significantly higher DPPH (77.13 ± 2.57%), superoxide (72.08 ± 1.15%) and hydroxyl (56.32 ± 0.90%) radical scavenging activity in a cell-free system. Further, it reduced intercellular ROS production and suppressed the lipopolysaccharide-induced protein expression of TLR4, p-IKKβ, p-NF-κβ, IL-1β, and COX2 in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Furthermore, it inhibited the secretion of pro-inflammatory mediators, including IL-6, IL-1β, and MIP-2. These findings suggest that A. assamensis pupae hydrolysates can be a potential source of bioactive peptides for managing oxidative stress and inflammation.