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Infirm effect of phylogeny on morphometric features in a cryptic Gobio species complex

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journal contribution
posted on 24.03.2022, 14:30 by Péter Takács, Gabor Maasz, Zita Zrínyi, Nóra Boross, Zoltán Vitál, Dóra Ildikó Kánainé Sipos, Bálint Bánó, Ádám Staszny, Péter Sály, Balázs Kovács
Several recent notes prove that taxonomic relations of close relative animal groups (species complexes or cryptic species) can be revealed by the combined use of genetic and morphologic methodologies. At the same time scarce information can be found about how phylogeny, population origin, and sexual dimorphism affect the morphometric features of these species. In our present work, we performed simultaneous phylogenetic and morphological studies on the taxonomically still questionable Carpathian stream dwelling gudgeons (Cyprinidae, Gobio) by using two different methodologies (distance based and geometric morphometry). Our results were in correspondence with the previous findings, showing the presence of three phylogenetically more or less distinct groups in the area. The results of the whole-body geometric and the traditional, distance-based morphometry reflected the extent of phylogenetic differences. While the results of geometric scale morphometry did not correspond with the genetic subdivisions. Results of three way PERMANOVA analyses showed that the phylogenetic effects on morphometry is less considerable as the population origin or the sexual dimorphism at these cyprinid taxa. Our investigation contributed to the better understanding of the taxonomy of fish stocks in the Carpathian Basin, and to their conservation, but additional investigations will be needed to clarify the exact taxonomic position of the gudgeons (’Gobio sp1’) dominating the eastern part of the studied drainage.